Personal profile


Professor Jane Golley is an economist at the Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University (ANU). Jane is an ANU graduate (BEc, Hons, 1993). Jane's life-long interest in China began with a brief stint in the Asia Section of the Australian Commonwealth Treasury in 1993, before she left for the University of Oxford, where she wrote her Dphil thesis on 'The Dynamics of Chinese Regional Development: Market Nature, State Nurture'.

Jane’s research has covered a wide range of topics centred around the Chinese economy, often intersecting with other disciplines. Her early work on regional development focused on the uneven patterns of economic geography in China’s industrial development, spurring ongoing research into other sources of inequality, including rural-urban and gender inequalities in education and income. Another long-term research agenda has explored the economic impacts of demographic change in China, including the global impacts of the one- and two-child policies and rising gender imbalances. Other research projects have examined the interplay between the economy and the environment, such as the relationship between income inequality and carbon dioxide emissions associated with China’s pursuit of ‘green growth’. Her latest inter-disciplinary endeavours have taken her towards politics and international relations, with topics ranging from China’s growing geoeconomics capabilities and ‘geoeducation’ strategies, to the impact of its bilateral political relations on its patterns of trade.

Jane has taught the Masters-Level Chinese economy course at the Crawford School since 2016. She is actively engaged with politicians, bureaucrats, diplomats and the media in public policy debate regarding China's rise and the Australia-China relationship. She was co-editor of the China Story Yearbook series from 2016 to 2021, with titles including Control, Prosperity, Power and Crisis. Jane has served as the President of the Chinese Studies Association of Australia and the Chinese Economic Society of Australia, and is currently an Executive Member of the Australia-China Business Council (ACT), a Board member of the Australia-China Relations Institute, UTS, and the ACT representative on CEDA's State Advisory Council (NSW/ACT)

Research interests

Jane specialises in the Chinese economy, doing applied research on a wide range of inter-disciplinary development issues. Past research has covered: regional development and inequality; household consumption and carbon dioxide emissions; rural-urban migration and urbanisation; rural-urban and gender inequalities in education and earnings; and inter-generational transmission of education outcomes.

Recent research interests include the geoeconomics of the university sector, and empirical explorations of the links between political relations and trade, including Australian exports to China during the last two decades.

Current student projects

Political relations and trade linkages between China and Southeast Asia

Measuring poverty of rural migrants in Shanghai

Sanctions through a geoeconomic lens


BEc (ANU), Mphil, Dphil Economics (Oxford), Senior Fellow, Higher Education Academy

Expertise Areas

  • Economic Development and Growth
  • Labour Economics
  • Urban and Regional Economics


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