Dr Sofia Samper Carro


Research activity per year

Personal profile


Sofia received a Bachelor of History from the Autonomous University of Madrid (2005), a Master of Palaeontology from the Complutense University of Madrid (2009), a Master of Osteoarchaeology from the University of Edinburgh (2011), a PhD in Prehistoric Archaeology from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2015) and a PhD in Archaeology from the Australian National University (2019). 

She is an expert in the taphonomic analysis of fauna remains to study human subsistence strategies and human-animal interactions, mainly on Pleistocene-early Holocene periods. She has also experience archaeothanatology and bioanthropological studies in Island Southeast Asia. She is currently exploring the possibilities of ancient bone proteomics (palaeoproteomics) research in the Indo-Pacific region.


Research interests

Hominid subsistence strategies; Taphonomy; Zooarchaeology; Island Southeast Asia, Europe, Faunal analysis; Neanderthals-AMH lifeways; Human behaviour; Palaeoproteomics


Available student projects

Please contact me if you are interesting in conducting taphonomic research on anthropogenic and natural bone accumulations from Indonesia and Timor Leste.

Specific projects available for HDR students are:

1) Taphonomic studies on large and small vertebrates from Western Europe

2) Taphonomic studies on small vertebrates from ISEA and Timor

3) Development of protocols for palaeoproteomic research in the Indo-Pacific

4) Collage sequencing to build a database of Australian marsupials 

Past student projects


Christine Morgan (2018) Cutting Edge: Identifying Australian stone tools from experimental cut marks. Master of Archaeological Science (Advanced)

Tahlia Stewart (2017) Life and Death in the early Holocene: Biological skeletal analysis and burial practices from a child burial from Gua Makpan site (Alor Island, Indonesia). Master of Archaeological Science (Advanced)


Madeleine Lucas (2018) Butchery at the Barracks: Meals and Identity in Colonial Triabunna, Tasmania

Claire Sheridan (2018) Exploring a Palimpsest Layer in Fatu Aki Cave, Timor-Leste

Researcher's projects

Ozboneprot: A proteome database enhancing zooarchaeological and palaeontological research - ARC Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, Legacy Grant Scheme (2022-2024)

IndoPac-Fishnet: A user friendly digital database for Indo-Pacific fish identification in archaeology and beyond - CAP Asia Pacific Innovation Program (2022-2023)

Investigating Neanderthal lifestyle during the MIS4 in the southeastern Pre-Pyrenees - The Leakey Foundation, Research Grant (2022-2023)

Zooarchaeology and taphonomic analysis of the Pleistocene bone assemblages from Matja Kuru 2 - ARC Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, Internship for Women (2021)

Living conditions and cultural traditions of Homo sapiens in Alor Island (Indonesia) during the terminal Pleistocene and Holocene - Gerda Henkel Stiftung, Research Scholarship (2020-2021)

SKULLBOOK: Creating a "bone library" to support student learning and research - in collaboration with the Centre for Digital Humanities Research (recipient of an ANU Vice-Chancellor's Teaching Enhancement Grant; primary applicant; 2017)



B.A. History (UAM), M.Sc. Paleontology (UCM), M.Sc. Osteoarchaeology (University of Edinburgh), Ph.D. Prehistoric Archaeology (UAB), Ph.D (ANU)


  • CC Archaeology
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Archaeological Science
  • Taphonomy

Expertise Areas

  • Taphonomy
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Palaeoproteomics
  • Archaeological Science
  • Neanderthals
  • Anatomically modern humans
  • Archaeothanatology


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