A 2500-Year Record of Marine Resource Use on Ulong Island, Republic of Palau

Rintaro Ono, Geoffrey Clark

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The paper reports fish bone and shellfish assemblages from Ulong Island in the Rock Islands of Palau, western Micronesia dating from ?3100 to 500 BP. Use of marine resources in early prehistory appears to have been highly localised with increasing capture of outer-reef/pelagic taxa including shark and tuna after 1000 BP. Local stocks of large Tridacnids were depleted during initial human use of Ulong Island, and there is a size decrease in Scarus sp. remains consistent with pressure on the inshore fishery, especially after establishment of permanent stonework villages in late prehistory. Comparison of archaeological assemblages of fish bone from other Rock Islands dated to after 2000 BP indicate that the captured fish species and major capture methods differ between sites and likely reflect local marine environments at each location.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)637-654
    JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
    Volume22
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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