A computable general equilibrium model of theAustralian economy is used to account for thedramatic growth in Australiaâ€™s wine industrybetween 1987 and 1999, and to project grapeand wine volumes and prices to 2003. Exportdemand growth has made a major contributionto total output growth in premium wines, andaccounts for most of the increase in the pro-ducer price of premium red wine. Domesticconsumer preferences have shifted, mainly to-wards premium red wine, but there is alsosome evidence of growing demand for premium white wine since the mid 1990s. From the perspective of producers, productivity growth,while being less important than growth in domestic demand, appears to have more than off-set the negative effects on suppliers of wine consumer tax increases. From the domestic consumersâ€™ perspective, however, tax hikes have raised retail prices much more than productivity gains have lowered them. The high and sustained levels of profitability resulting from export demand growth have led to a massive supply response in Australia. Even so, by 2003 Australian wine output will still be less than 5 per cent of global production.