Accounting for growth in the Australian wine industry, 1987 to 2003

Kym Anderson, Glyn Wittwer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    A computable general equilibrium model of theAustralian economy is used to account for thedramatic growth in Australia’s wine industrybetween 1987 and 1999, and to project grapeand wine volumes and prices to 2003. Exportdemand growth has made a major contributionto total output growth in premium wines, andaccounts for most of the increase in the pro-ducer price of premium red wine. Domesticconsumer preferences have shifted, mainly to-wards premium red wine, but there is alsosome evidence of growing demand for premium white wine since the mid 1990s. From the perspective of producers, productivity growth,while being less important than growth in domestic demand, appears to have more than off-set the negative effects on suppliers of wine consumer tax increases. From the domestic consumers’ perspective, however, tax hikes have raised retail prices much more than productivity gains have lowered them. The high and sustained levels of profitability resulting from export demand growth have led to a massive supply response in Australia. Even so, by 2003 Australian wine output will still be less than 5 per cent of global production.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)179-189
    JournalThe Australian Economic Review
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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