Andean Cultural Affirmation and Cultural Integration in Context: Reflections on Indigenous Knowledge for the In Situ Conservation of Agrobiodiversity

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter addresses the role of indigenous knowledge (IK) and practices in the conservation of agricultural biodiversity. In the context of Andean communities in southern Peru, it is argued that negotiations between these local communities and conservation bodies need to give as much weight to the interests of farmers and the diversity of their livelihoods, as to the institutional goals and strategies that inform state and non-governmental development efforts, in order to maximize the role of IK in the conservation of agrobiodiversity. A 'cultural affirmation' and 'cultural integration' approach is proposed to assess on-farm conservation. The former seeks to strengthen and revive local subsistence traditions and practices beneficial to conservation, while the latter encourages farmers to adopt new technology and enter the market, albeit aware that these may be unfavourable to conservation. The cultural affirmationist approach is explored through a number of NGOs who work in Peru's southern and central highlands, while The Potato Park in Cusco's province of Calca is presented as a contrasting case study in cultural integration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIndigenous Knowledge: Enhancing its Contribution to Natural Resources Management
    Editors Paul Sillitoe
    Place of PublicationWallingford
    PublisherCAB International
    Pages130-146pp
    Edition1st Edition
    ISBN (Print)9781780647050
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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