Julie Ayling

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


    Transnational crimes involve border crossings as an integral part of the criminal activity. They also include crimes that take place in one country with consequences that significantly affect other countries. Examples include human trafficking, smuggling (arms, drugs, currency), sex slavery, non-domestic terrorism, and financial crimes. Transnational organized crime refers specifically to transnational crime carried out by organized crime syndicates. Although several encyclopedias cover aspects of transnational crime, it is this encyclopedia’s emphasis on transnational justice, as well, that differentiates it from the pack. Not only do we define, describe, and chart the crimes and criminal activity, we also will include significant coverage of policing those crimes and prosecuting them within domestic and international court systems. Accessible and jargon-free and available in both print and electronic ...
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice
    Editors Margaret E. Beare
    Place of PublicationThousand Oaks, CA United States of America
    PublisherSage Publications Inc
    ISBN (Print)9781412990776
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


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