In this chapter, we review the histories of Australian and New Zealand migration, focusing on the evolution of immigration controls and channels over the course of around two centuries. Australia and New Zealand are both classical countries of immigration, formed by indigenous arrival, transformed by British settler colonialism, and systemically dependent on immigration for economic and demographic growth (Castles, Vasta, and Ozkul 2014). These South Pacific neighbors share one of the most open bilateral borders in the worldâ€”a fragment of the former British Imperial migration systemâ€”and both have geopolitically reoriented toward the Asia-Pacific region since the 1970s, overturning racist colonial migration policies in favor of economic entry criteria, and attracting growing numbers of temporary migrants in addition to a more diverse range of permanent settlers.
|Title of host publication||Controlling Immigration: A Comparative Perspective|
|Editors||FranÃ§ois HÃ©ran, James F. Hollifield, Philip L. Martin, Pia M. Orrenius|
|Place of Publication||England, UK|
|Publisher||Stanford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|