Australia and New Zealand: Classical Migration States?

Alan Gamlen, Henry Sherrell

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    In this chapter, we review the histories of Australian and New Zealand migration, focusing on the evolution of immigration controls and channels over the course of around two centuries. Australia and New Zealand are both classical countries of immigration, formed by indigenous arrival, transformed by British settler colonialism, and systemically dependent on immigration for economic and demographic growth (Castles, Vasta, and Ozkul 2014). These South Pacific neighbors share one of the most open bilateral borders in the world—a fragment of the former British Imperial migration system—and both have geopolitically reoriented toward the Asia-Pacific region since the 1970s, overturning racist colonial migration policies in favor of economic entry criteria, and attracting growing numbers of temporary migrants in addition to a more diverse range of permanent settlers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationControlling Immigration: A Comparative Perspective
    Editors François Héran, James F. Hollifield, Philip L. Martin, Pia M. Orrenius
    Place of PublicationEngland, UK
    PublisherStanford University Press
    Pages175-216
    Edition4
    ISBN (Print)9781503631670
    Publication statusPublished - 2022

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