Scholarship on the structural prevention of genocide and mass atrocities is, for the most part, saturated with identifying the â€˜root causesâ€™ of deadly violence. Conversely, the causes of peace and the processes that de-escalate tensions â€“ in effect, â€œwhat goes rightâ€ â€“ remain comparatively under researched. In his book The Structural Prevention of Mass Atrocities, Stephen McLoughlin contends that positioning prevention simply on identifying and ameliorating risk factors erroneously assumes a linear inevitability between cause and outcome, and thus â€œfails to explain why some at-risk countries experience mass atrocities, yet others do notâ€ (3). McLoughlin convincingly advocates an analytical framework, which broadens structural prevention to include local and national conditions that mitigate risk by fostering resilience and stability. He then applies this framework to the cases of Botswana, Zambia, Tanzania and (an internal, relatively autonomous area within Tanzania), Zanzibar. By introducing a model that navigates the complex relationship between risk and resilience, McLoughlin complements the chorus of scholars asking â€œwhy?â€ mass atrocities occur, by asking â€œwhy not?â€ This book gently reminds readers that there are invaluable lessons to be learnt from peaceful non-events as much as from international tragedies.