Capturing Collusion: The Industry and the Government in Ferry Safety Regulation

Jong-Sung You, Youn Min Park

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    We explore through process tracing what caused the dismal safety regulatory failures in the Sewol ferry disaster. We find that regulatory capture was largely responsible for the Sewol tragedy. Both obsolete regulation, such as entry regulation that continued to protect existing monopolies in the ferry industry, and deregulatory measures, such as the extension of the ship age limit, were directed by the industry lobby. We further find that the enduring legacies of state corporatism of the authoritarian developmental state have institutionalized business–government collusion and regulatory capture . In particular, the ineffective vessel-operational managers system operated by the Korea Shipping Association was not a product of neoliberal reform but a state-corporatist arrangement that was first introduced in 1972.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationChallenges of Modernization and Governance in South Korea: The Sinking of the Sewol and Its Causes
    Editors Jae-Jung Suh, Mikyoung Kim
    Place of PublicationSingapore
    PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
    ISBN (Print)9789811040221
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


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