Changing Realities-Perspectives on Balinese Rice Cultivation

Rachel Lorenzen, Stephan Lorenzen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This paper discusses issues of agrarian change in south-central Bali. The proximity to urban areas, especially the tourist centers along the southern coast, provides many off-farm employment opportunities for small-scale farming households. Although rice farming continues, for many households it has become a side business. The flexible nature of rice farming in terms of labor input and available casual off-farm work allows farming households to allocate their available labor to a variety of on-farm and off-farm income generating activities. The subak which unites farmers in the irrigation and cultivation of the rice crop plays an important role in supporting this flexibility. Still, the future of rice farming and the organization behind it looks rather dim with a younger generation unwilling to work in the "mud" and little appreciation of the many benefits the subak provides not only to the farming but to the wider community.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-42
    JournalHuman Ecology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


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