OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of prenatal care (PNC) on the level and distribution of child stunting in three Andean countriesBolivia, Colombia, and Peruwhere expanding access to such care has been an explicit policy intervention to tackle child malnutrition in utero and during early childhood. METHODS: An econometric analysis of cross-sectional Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data was conducted. The analysis included ordinary least-squares (OLS) regressions, estimates of concentration curves, and decompositions of a concentration index. RESULTS: The analysis shows that the use of PNC in Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru is only weakly associated with a reduction in the level of child malnutrition. CONCLUSIONS: Further expansion of PNC programs is unlikely to play a large role in reducing inequalities in malnutrition.
|Journal||Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|