|Title of host publication||Classical Indian Buddhist Philosophy|
|Place of Publication||Online|
|Publisher||Oxford Bibliography Online|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
Classical Indian Buddhist philosophy encompasses a vast range of thinkers, schools, and issues. One important tradition is abhidharma (higher doctrine), a scholastic philosophy that examined key elements of Buddhist teaching and developed often elaborate and highly detailed analyses of the psycho-physical elements of existence. Early Buddhism is commonly divided into eighteen philosophical schoolsâ€”including such influential traditions as SarvÄstivÄda, VaibhÄá¹£ika, SautrÄntika, SthaviravÄda, MahÄsÄá¹ƒghika, and so forthâ€”though more are actually mentioned in Indic sources. Each of these developed its own distinctive philosophical system and engaged in debate with both Buddhist and non-Buddhist rivals. With the rise of Mahayana, new philosophical systemsâ€”including the Middle Way school (MÄdhyamika), the Yogic Practice school (YogÄcÄra), and the Epistemological school (PramÄá¹‡a)â€”developed. Tantric Buddhism added a new stream of philosophical thought that developed the conceptual implications of tantric scriptural texts.