Conscription (Australia)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


    Conscription was the most divisive issue in Australian politics during the First World War. The expeditionary force which the Australian government offered to Britain in August 1914 was composed only of volunteers, since earlier legislation forbade the deployment of conscripts overseas. As the casualties on the Western Front mounted, voluntary enlistment proved unable to fully replace the losses in battle. In two referenda, in October 1916 and December 1917, the Australian electorate narrowly rejected the introduction of conscription, after bitter debates that split the governing Australian Labor Party and profoundly divided the population.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War
    Editors U. Daniel, P. Gatrell, O. Janz, H. Jones, J. Keene, A. Kramer & B. Nasson
    Place of PublicationGermany
    PublisherFreie Universität Berlin
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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