Creating a New Communication System: Gesture has the Upper Hand

Casey J. Lister, Nicolas Fay, Timothy Ellison, Jeneva Ohan

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Abstract

    How does modality affect our ability to create a new communication system? This paper describes two experiments that address this question, and extend prior related findings by drawing from a significantly more extensive list of concepts (over 1000) than has been used previously. In Experiment 1, participants communicated concepts to a partner using either gestures or non-linguistic vocalizations (sounds that are not words). Experiment 1 confirmed that participants who gesture 1) produce more strongly 'motivated' signs that physically resemble the concepts they represent (i.e., are iconic), 2) are better able to correctly guess the meaning of a partner's signs, and 3) show stronger alignment on a shared inventory of signs. Experiment 2 addressed a limitation of Experiment 1 (concurrent feedback only in the gesture condition). In Experiment 2 concurrent feedback was eliminated from the gesture and vocal conditions. Gesture again outperformed vocalization on communication effectiveness and sign alignment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages1386-1391pp
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    Event37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society - Pasadena, USA
    Duration: 1 Jan 2015 → …

    Conference

    Conference37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    Period1/01/15 → …

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