Cultural Evolution of Language

Dan Dediu, Michael Cysouw, Stephen C. Levinson, Andrea Baronchelli, Morten Christiansen, William Croft, Nicholas Evans, Simon Garrod, Russell Gray, Anne Kandler, Elena Lieven

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter argues that an evolutionary cultural approach to language not only has already proven fruitful, but it probably holds the key to understand many puzzling aspects of language, its change and origins. The chapter begins by highlighting several still common misconceptions about language that might seem to call into question a cultural evolutionary approach. It explores the antiquity of language and sketches a general evolutionary approach discussing the aspects of function, fitness, replication, and selection, as well the relevant units of linguistic evolution. In this context, the chapter looks at some fundamental aspects of linguistic diversity such as the nature of the design space, the mechanisms generating it, and the shape and fabric of language. Given that biology is another evolutionary system, its complex coevolution with language needs to be understood in order to have a proper theory of language. Throughout the chapter, various challenges are identified and discussed, sketching promising directions for future research. The chapter ends by listing the necessary data, methods, and theoretical developments required for a grounded evolutionary approach to language. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion
    Editors Peter J Richerson & Morten H Christiansen
    Place of PublicationCambridge, MA and London
    PublisherMIT Press
    Pages303-332
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9780262019750
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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