Cyber Crime

Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Peter Grabosky

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    This essay considers how information and communications technologies (ICT) are used by organized crime groups. Three categories of groups are identified: traditional organized criminal groups, which make use of ICT to enhance their terrestrial criminal activities; organized cybercriminal groups, which operate exclusively online; and organized groups of ideologically and politically motivated individuals (including state and state-sponsored actors), who make use of ICT to facilitate their criminal conduct. We feel that it is important to draw a distinction between these types of organized criminal groups, particularly when formulating cybersecurity policy, because cybercriminality is not a monolithic threat. The article will note the transnational nature of much organized criminal activity and will discuss mechanisms for the control of organized crime in the digital age.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationOxford Handbook of Organized Crime
    Editors Letizia Paoli
    Place of PublicationNew York, USA
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Print)9780199730445
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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