Decentralization, Forests and Livelihoods: Theory and Narrative

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    This paper discusses the theory of decentralized forest management, the associated narrative and the underlying hypotheses. That discussion informs the assessment of whether decentralization can lead to forest conservation. The paper argues that the ideal model of democratic decentralization described in the literature is unlikely to be implemented given the governance constraints present in many tropical forest countries. Even if that model could be implemented, it is shown that decentralization cannot be expected to necessarily lead to forest conservation. The policies required to complement the current decentralization model are discussed, including financial incentives and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)338-348
    JournalGlobal Environmental Change - Human and Policy Dimensions
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


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