|Title of host publication||Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia, and Africa: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 3 East and Southeast Asia|
|Editors||Peter J. Seybolt|
|Place of Publication||Los Angeles|
|Publisher||Sage Publications Inc|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
The term democratization has been used narrowly to mean the institution of regular, free, and fair multicandidate elections for public officeâ€”featuring a vibrant political opposition and an independent mass mediaâ€”and more broadly to include the spread and institutionalization of the schemas and ideasâ€”such as law-abiding citizenshipâ€”underlying democracy. While it has been heavily debated whether democratization in the second sense has taken place in south and central Asia, even purely in the first sense, democratization has had a tumultuous history in these regions.