Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


    The term democratization has been used narrowly to mean the institution of regular, free, and fair multicandidate elections for public office—featuring a vibrant political opposition and an independent mass media—and more broadly to include the spread and institutionalization of the schemas and ideas—such as law-abiding citizenship—underlying democracy. While it has been heavily debated whether democratization in the second sense has taken place in south and central Asia, even purely in the first sense, democratization has had a tumultuous history in these regions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia, and Africa: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 3 East and Southeast Asia
    Editors Peter J. Seybolt
    Place of PublicationLos Angeles
    PublisherSage Publications Inc
    ISBN (Print)9781412981767
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


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