Dissociations between implicit and explicit memory in children: The role of strategic processing and the knowledge base

Kristina (Tina) Murphy, Elinor McKone, Judith Slee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A review of the literature shows that explicit memory develops substantially from three years of age to adulthood, while implicit memory remains stable across this age range. Previously, this developmental dissociation has been attributed to different memory systems, or to confounds with perceptual vs. conceptual processing. Prompted by an alternative developmental framework, the experiments reported here provide evidence against both interpretations. Instead, it will be argued that (a) the implicit-explicit developmental dissociation reflects differences in strategic processing (strategy use and metamemory) across childhood and (b) that implicit memory can show development if a child's knowledge base in the tested domain is developing with age.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)124-165
    JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
    Volume84
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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