Domestic Value Added, Exports and Employment: An Input–Output Analysis of Indonesian Manufacturing

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    Abstract

    The paper is motivated by the current emphasis on the share of domestic value added in exports (SVEX) as a policy criterion for export development strategy in developing countries. We hypothesise that the policy emphasis on SVEX, which harks back to the import-substitution era, is inconsistent with the objectives of achieving economic growth with employment generation in this era of economic globalisation. We test this hypothesis by examining the relationship of SVEX with both export-induced employment and the total domestic value added (the contribution of exports to gross domestic product) by applying the standard input–output methodology to data from Indonesian manufacturing. Our findings do not support the view, widely held in policy circles, that manufacturing industries characterised by a higher SVEX have the potential to make a greater contribution to employment generation and total domestic value added. The policy inference is that policymakers should focus on the export potential of industries when designing export development policy, rather than on SVEX.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-390
    JournalBulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies
    Volume59
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2023

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