Ecosystem Services Provided by Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems: Storm Protection as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems

M Luisa Martinez, Robert Costanza, Octavio Perez-Maqueo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Proper responses to hurricanes are becoming increasingly necessary because they are occurring on an unprecedented scale with human and economic losses being greater than ever. This scenario calls for a reevaluation of the value of natural ecosystems as protective agents against the impacts of storms and hurricanes. In this chapter, we analyze and show the evidence on the effectiveness of these natural protective barriers. Disaster preparedness must go beyond emergency relief and life-saving actions, and should begin with mitigation and prevention that include a combination of environmental, social, and economic aspects.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTreatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science
    Editors Wolanski E., McLusky D.
    Place of PublicationLondon, United Kingdom
    PublisherAcademic Press
    Pages129-146
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9780123747112
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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