Energy and Economic Growth: the Stylized Facts

Zsuzsanna Csereklyei, Maria del Mar Rubio Varas, David Stern

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    We summarize what we know about energy and economic growth in a set of stylized facts. We combine analysis of a panel data set of 99 countries from 1971 to 2010 with analysis of some longer run historical data. Our key result is that over the last 40 years there has been a stable cross-sectional relationship between per capita energy use and income per capita with an elasticity of energy use with respect to income of less than unity. This implies that energy intensity has tended to decrease in countries that have become richer but not in others. We also find that over the last two centuries there has been convergence in energy intensity towards the current distribution, per capita energy use has tended to rise, energy quality to increase, and, though evidence is limited, the cost share of energy has declined.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)223-255
    JournalThe Energy Journal
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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