Female Labor Force Participation and Household Dependence on Biomass Energy: Evidence from National Longitudinal Data

Paul Burke, Guy Dundas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Air pollution from household biomass combustion is an important cause of poor health in developing countries. This study employs national-level longitudinal data for up to 175 countries during 1990-2010 and finds that female labor force participation is associated with reductions in household biomass energy use. Consistent with the "fuel stacking" model, higher incomes are linked to use of other types of energy by households, but not significantly associated with reductions in use of biomass energy. The results highlight the multifaceted nature of household energy transitions and suggest an avenue by which female empowerment can lead to improved health outcomes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)424-437
    JournalWorld Development
    Volume67
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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