During World War I an extensive security state developed in Australia, consisting of police forces at the state level, intelligence branches within the defence forces, federal surveillance organizations and a Commonwealth (federal) police force. World War I not only depleted the numbers of qualified personnel in the state police forces but also required them to pay an active role in the internment of â€˜enemy aliensâ€™, the suppression of political dissent and the maintenance of civic order during deeply divisive public debates about conscription. Given Australiaâ€™s convict past and anti-authoritarian political culture, police had already faced reputational issues. The war almost certainly fuelled this traditional distrust, given the policeâ€™s close, if unavoidable, association with a wartime government that used its emergency powers in an increasingly repressive manner.
|Title of host publication
|World Histories of Crime, Culture and Violence
|Jonas Campion, Laurent Lopez and Guillaume Payen
|Place of Publication
|Published - 2019