What ideas and concepts might be used to reinvigorate a progressive approach to Australian foreign policy? In contrast to the clarity of the international vision provided by right-wing movements, there is uncertainty about the contours of a progressive approach to contemporary Australian foreign policy. This article outlines the basis of a â€˜progressive realismâ€™ that can challenge right-wing accounts. Progressive realism combines a â€˜realisticâ€™ diagnosis of the key dynamics that underpin contemporary world politics with a â€˜progressiveâ€™ focus on the redistribution of existing power configurations. Taken together, these two building blocks provide the foundations for a left-ofcentre foreign policy agenda. We apply progressive realism to four policy areas: pandemic politics, aid and infrastructure in the Pacific, climate change, and a crisis in the Taiwan Strait. This analysis, in turn, highlights the challenges and opportunities for progressive political actors in crafting foreign policy both within and beyond Australia.