Gene Technology, Biological Weapons, and the Security of Science

Christian Enemark, Ian Ramshaw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This article addresses the security challenge posed by laboratory research involving genetic modification of microorganisms that could be applied for both benign and malevolent purposes. The authors propose that, for biological arms control purposes, a global governance culture is required to manage the security risks inherent in such research while minimizing scientific opportunity costs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)624-641
    JournalSecurity Studies
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


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