Geo-Environmental Security Challenges in the Indian Ocean Region: A Gulf Agenda

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    In the coming years, the Indian Ocean will face a significant number of environmental security threats driven by climate change and other human activity. Moreover, they cannot be properly understood or addressed in isolation from each other. A range of threats – including natural disasters, rising sea levels, extreme weather events and deteriorating fish stocks – have the potential to combine and cascade into overwhelming geo-environmental challenges that can affect the entire region in ways far beyond their individual impacts. What might initially appear to be ‘merely’ environmental issues can often have significant strategic consequences. Geo-environmental challenges also often go well beyond the ability of individual states to respond and generally demand a collective response. But while the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) may be an epicentre for many of these challenges, the region currently has few institutions that are well suited to the task of organising a response. As a first step, the region needs better mechanisms to build shared understandings among civil and military agencies and non-governmental groups about how to mitigate and contain environmental security threats. As Chair of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) until end of 2021, the UAE will have an opportunity to demonstrate its regional leadership and set the agenda for regional cooperation. The UAE is already demonstrating leadership in renewable energy. This chapter explores how the UAE could also consider initiatives to bring together the region to address other geo-environmental challenges
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Arab Gulf’s Pivot to Asia: From Transactional to Strategic Partnerships
    Editors N. Janardhan
    Place of PublicationGermany
    PublisherGerlach Press
    ISBN (Print)978-3-95994-133-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2020


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