|Title of host publication||Routledge Handbook of Politics in Asia|
|Place of Publication||Oxfordshire|
|Publisher||Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
In 2013, Xi Jinping, President of the People's Republic of China, introduced the One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative to underpin the country's increasing involvement in global supply chains (Map 32.1). Outlined by China's National Development and Reform ComÂmission (NDRC, 2015), this long-term international economic and political plan comprises both the New Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road. Now known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), this plan encapsulates the key development strategy that China has been pursuing for over a decade, which is intended to raise the ,vorld's second-biggest economy's profile as both a regional leader and a global power.