Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

Krisztina Kis-Katos, Janneke Pieters, Robert Sparrow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    We analyze the gender-specific effects of trade liberalization on participation in market work, domestic duties, and marriage rates in Indonesia. We show that female work participation increased and participation in domestic duties declined in regions that were more exposed to input tariff reductions. The effects of output tariff reductions were much less pronounced, and we find little impacts on men. Among the potential channels, we find that reductions in input tariffs led to a relative expansion of more female-intensive sectors as well as a decrease in sectoral gender segregation, especially among the low skilled. We also find that labour markets are a key channel through which trade liberalization affects marriage decisions. Delayed marriage among both sexes is related to input tariff liberalization, especially in the younger cohorts, as the improved labour opportunities for women reduce the returns to marriage.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)763-793
    JournalIMF Economic Review
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


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