This study was conducted to identify suggestions to improve PD programmes held by government-based training agencies to help enhance Indonesian EYL teachersâ€™ instructional practice. For the purpose of the study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 participants. The findings suggest the theorisation of a PD model that involves complex and dynamic interactions between actors including teacher educators, school principals, educational administrators and teachersâ€™ groups. This paper argues for the need to separate the expertise and facilitative roles between PD actors as it relates to PD accountability in terms of design, development and implementation. The implications drawn from the study may inform teacher educators and policy-makers in countries facing a shortage of properly trained EYL teachers.