Growth and inequality at the micro scale: an empirical analysis of farm incomes within smallholder irrigation systems in Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Mozambique

Ana Manero, Henning Bjornlund, S A Wheeler, Alec Zuo, Makarius Mdemu, Andre van Rooyen, Mario Chilundo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The mechanisms linking growth and inequality are critical for poverty reduction, yet they remain poorly understood at the micro level, as current knowledge is dominated by country-wide studies. This article evaluates farm income growth and changes in inequality among five smallholder irrigation communities in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Over the period of study, the poorest sections of the population became better-off. Over an income growth spell, at low levels of growth, relative inequality increases, but it starts to drop as growth rises beyond a certain rate. Thus, careful design is required to ensure that pro-growth strategies also become inequality-reducing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)224-245
    JournalInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
    Volume36
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

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