Justice and security are important development goals for donors such as Australia and a high priority for poor people around the world. The plural realities of security and justice provision, comprising interplay between diverse actors and practices at different scales, are now widely acknowledged in development circles. Plural approaches to dispute resolution and everyday security prevail throughout rural Melanesia. While engaging with pluralism has become a standard exhortation in policy discourse, the evidence base for doing so is often thin. Few comprehensive studies have been undertaken by governments or donors to map out local configurations of justice and security provision and illuminate how end users navigate plural regulatory terrains.