This book assesses Indiaâ€™s role as a major power in the Indian Ocean. Many see the Indian Ocean as naturally falling within Indiaâ€™s sphere of influence but, as this book demonstrates, India has a long way to go before it could achieve regional dominance. The book outlines the development of Indian thinking on its role in the Indian Ocean and examines Indiaâ€™s strategic relationships in the region, including with maritime South Asia, the Indian Ocean islands, East Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Australia. The book then discusses Indiaâ€™s ambivalent relationship with the United States and explores its attitude towards Chinaâ€™s growing power in the Indian Ocean. It concludes by discussing the regionâ€™s evolving strategic order â€“ does India have what it takes to become the leading power in the region?