For more than 40 years, India and Vietnam have consistently stood together in resisting Chinese domination of Indochina. The relationship represents one of the few longstanding political partnerships between East and South Asia. In recent years, the two have been seeking to recalibrate their relationship in the context not only of Chinaï¿½s growing economic and military power but also Indiaï¿½s own security ambitions in the region. What are Indiaï¿½s aspirations to project naval power into the South China Sea and how is this perceived in the region? This article looks at this longstanding political alliance in light of Indiaï¿½s attempts at strategic engagement with Southeast Asia.