Policy capacity has been defned as â€œthe set of skills and resourcesâ€”or competences and capabilitiesâ€”necessary to perform policy functionsâ€ (Wu et al. 2015, p. 2), as well as the ability of states â€œto marshal the necessary resources to make intelligent choices about and set strategic directions for the allocation of scarce resources to public endsâ€ (Painter and Pierre 2005, p. 2). Policy capacity is also considered as the â€œweaving fabricâ€ (Parsons 2004) necessary for the development of coherent policy and essential for policy success. In a similar vein, recent work has highlighted how governance arrangements can enable or constrain the capacity of governments to identify and address key policy problems, leading to policy success or the persistence of policy failures (Howlett et al. 2015). While the concept of policy capacity usually has been applied at a â€˜systematicâ€™ level (such as at the aggregate level of governments or political systems), it can also be used to assess the resources and capabilities of organizations and individuals, and obtain a better understanding of their possible contribution to public policy. As argued by Wu et al., â€œthe capacity of other stakeholders in policymaking is an important aspect of policy capacityâ€ (2015, p. 3).
|Title of host publication||Policy Capacity and Governance: Assessing Governmental Competences and Capabilities in Theory and Practice|
|Editors||Xun Wu, Michael Howlett and M. Ramesh|
|Place of Publication||United Kingdom|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|