Introduction

Jack Cunningham, Ramesh Thakur

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The two long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have now come to an end, at least insofar as the involvement of Western troops is concerned. Most Americans regarded Afghanistan as a war of necessity, forced upon the United States by an armed attack in the form of terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. By contrast, many Americans and most international observers viewed Iraq as a war of choice, the justification of which, its conduct and consequences, remain matters of intense controversy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAustralia, Canada, and Iraq: perspectives on an invasion
    Editors R Thakur, J Cunningham
    Place of PublicationToronto, Canada
    PublisherDundurn Press
    Pages11-21
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9781459731516
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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