Introduction: The Challenges of 21st-Century Diplomacy

Ramesh Thakur, Andrew F Cooper, Jorge Heiner

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    This introductory article first sets out the book’s main purpose, which is to display the importance of diplomacy along with its attendant capacity for adaptation. It then discusses the nature and meaning of diplomacy, its emerging patterns of practice, and its relevance for not only policy-makers but also a wider cast of actors and set of social interaction. The subject matter of diplomacy has expanded, from the high politics of war and peace to health, environment, development, science and technology, education, law, and the arts. Diplomats are engaged in an expanding range of functions, from negotiation, communication, consular, representation, and reporting to observation, merchandise trade and services promotion, cultural exchange, and public relations. At the same time, with more work has come a greater amount of ‘bureaucratization’, where routine, precedent, and standard operating procedures dominate the daily administrative tasks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy
    Editors Andrew F. Cooper, Jorge Heine and Ramesh Thakur
    Place of PublicationOxford
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Print)9780199588862
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


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