Language and human sociality

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The awareness of endangered languages is part of a larger picture, arising out of social and political changes in the past decades. This awareness has brought about many changes in linguistics. This chapter reviews background material, including the language situation around the world, causes of language endangerment, reasons why language endangerment has garnered the concern that it has in the past few decades, and responses to language endangerment. The increasing recognition among linguists of how many languages were endangered encouraged a greater emphasis on fieldwork. This in turn promoted discussions of language documentation, language revitalization, and the ethics of fieldwork. The nature of language is much discussed in the anthropological responses to the endangerment literature. Current methods of language documentation focus on audio and video recordings of natural speech, narrative and conversation, as well as structured elicitation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology
    Editors N. J. Enfield, Paul Kockelman, Jack Sidnell
    Place of PublicationCambridge
    PublisherCambridge University Press
    Pages400-422
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9781107030077
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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