Language-in-education policy on primary EFL: The case of Indonesia

Subhan Zein

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This paper examines language-in-education policy on teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in primary schools in Indonesia that has undergone massive changes in recent years. The paper provides an overview of primary EFL education focusing on policy development, instructional aspects and primary EFL teachers. The paper employs Baldauf & Kaplan’s (2005) framework of language-in-education policy goals to analyse policy on primary EFL in Indonesia and makes recommendations on access policy, community policy, resourcing policy, curriculum policy, methodology and material policy, personnel policy and evaluation policy. These recommendations are relevant to the present context of primary EFL education in Indonesia and may help inform policymaking in other countries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133-146
    JournalInternational Journal of Pedagogies and Learning
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


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