Large Water Control Mechanisms: Gender Impact of the Damodar Valley Corporation, India

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This paper traces the gendered changes in agrarian livelihoods in the lower Damodar valley of eastern India and connects these changes to the large dam project of the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC). The DVC, established in 1948, was one of the earliest dam projects in India. Although it was not fully completed, the DVC project has initiated unforeseen changes in the farming economy. The floods for which the Damodar river was notorious were not fully controlled, and the suffering of people living in the lower reaches of the valley never really diminished. This paper gives a brief description of the river and its history of water management practices and the roles of women and men in these practices. It traces the resultant impacts on gender roles, and outlines the new kinds of water management that emerged in response to the DVC's failure to provide irrigation water when demanded. More specifically, the paper explores the changes in floods, changes in the farming economy, and the impacts of temporary sand dams or boro bandhs on the livelihoods of women and men from farming families in the Lower Damodar Valley. It observes that even over a longer temporal scale, the changes unleashed by large water control projects have significant and gendered impacts on agrarian societies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDiverting the Flow: Gender Equity and Water in South Asia
    Editors Margreet Zwarteveen, Sara Ahmed, Suman Rimal Gautam
    Place of PublicationNew Delhi India
    PublisherZubaan
    Pages468-500
    Edition1
    ISBN (Print)9789381017203
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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