Meta-regulating transnational environment crime for better outcomes

Julie Ayling

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    Transnational environmental crime (TEC) – which includes crimes such as the illicit taking and trafficking of wildlife and timber, the dumping of toxic and hazardous waste, and the illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances – is a growing and seemingly intractable problem. TEC comprises a complex set of offences and its harms are extensive and serious. The value of all transnational organised environmental crime has been estimated at between US$70–213 billion annually (Nellemann, Henriksen, Raxter, Ash and Mrema, 2014) and increasing. 1 The continuing growth in profits from TEC is an important motivation for its ongoing spread. TEC itself is a hugely important factor in causing environmental destruction, damage to biodiversity and a decline in the well-being of humans and non-humans alike (Nellemann et al., 2014; UNODC, 2016; Saydan, 2017). Strategies aimed at preventing these crimes are therefore sorely needed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCriminal Justice and Regulation Revisited: Essays in Honour of Peter Grabosky
    Editors Lennon Y C Chang & Russell Brewer
    Place of PublicationLondon
    ISBN (Print)9781138042032
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


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