Minimally Sufficient Deterrence

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    Dangers exist in both maximalist approaches to deterrence and minimalist ones. A minimal sufficiency strategy aims to avert these dangers. The objectives are to convince people that the webs of relationships within which they live mean that lawbreaking will ultimately lead to desistance and remorse and to persuading offenders that predatory crime is simply wrong. Alternative support and control strategies should be attempted until desistance finally occurs. Communities can be helped to understand that this is how minimally sufficient deterrence works. By relying on layered strategies, this approach takes deterrence theory onto the terrain of complexity theory. It integrates approaches based on social support and recovery capital, dynamic concentration of deterrence, restorative justice, shame and pride management, responsive regulation, responsivity, indirect reciprocity, and incapacitation. Deterrence fails when it rejects complexity in favor of simple theories such as rational choice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)69-118pp
    JournalCrime and Justice: a review of research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    Dive into the research topics of 'Minimally Sufficient Deterrence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this