Modeling the Economic Impacts of Korean Unification

Warwick McKibbin, Jong-Wha Lee, Larry Weifeng Liu, Cheol Jong Song

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This paper explores the economic impacts of Korean unification on North and South Korea. It presents a new consistent database on macroeconomic, sectoral and trade data, and an input-output table for the North Korean economy, and then incorporates it in a global intertemporal multi-sector general equilibrium model. Assuming hypothetical scenarios such as North Korea's reform and gradual convergence, its sudden collapse and immediate unification, and chaos and crises in both Koreas, we quantify the consequences of Korean unification on economic activity, trade and capital flows in the two Koreas. The results highlight the importance of the unification processes and of alternative policy responses in both Koreas to the economic impacts of unification.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)227-256
    JournalAsian Economic Journal
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


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