Playing back the Nation: Waria, Indonesian Transvestites

Tom Boellstorff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    Waria (better known as banci or béncong), who can be provisionally defined as male-to-female transvestites, are well-known members of contemporary Indonesian society. Waria are best understood not as a third gender but a male femininity. By exploring how waria reconfigure concepts of authenticity, I address the relationship between the waria subject position and Indonesian national culture.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-195
    JournalCultural Anthropology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


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