A family-wide palynological study of Myrtaceae was conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM). In this part of the study, the pollen morphology of 18 genera and 150 species from the Myrtaceae tribes of subfamily Myrtoideae, Eucalypteae, Lophostemoneae, Syncarpieae, Xanthostemoneae and subfamily Psiloxyloideae are presented. It was found that the most commonly observed pollen in these groups was parasyncolpate with a rugulate exine, whereas some species possessed an apocolpial island. The large, and sometimes syndemicolpate, pollen of Eucalypteae genera Angophora and Corymbia differed from all other genera. Most Eucalyptus pollen had endopores with a thickened exine.