Population, Migration and Labour Supply: Great Britain, 1871-2011

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    A country's most important asset is its people. This paper outlines the development of Britain's human resources since the middle of the 19th century. It focuses on four key elements. The first is the demographic transition - the processes through which birth rates and death rates fell, leading to a slowdown in population growth. The second is the geographical reallocation of population through migration. This includes emigration and immigration as well as migration within Britain. The third issue is labour supply: the proportion of the population participating in the labour market and the amount and type of labour supplied. Related to this, the last part of the chapter charts the growth in education and skills of the population and the labour force.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain Volume II. 1870 to the Present
    Editors Roderick Floud, Jane Humphries, Paul Johnson
    Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
    PublisherCambridge University Press
    ISBN (Print)9781107038462
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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