Principles for knowledge co-production in sustainability research

Albert Norstram, Christopher Cvitanovic, Marie F Lof, Simon West, Carina Wyborn, Patricia Balvanera, A T Bednarek, Elena M Bennett, Reinette Biggs, Ariane de Bremond, Bruce Campbell, Josep G Canadell , Stephen R Carpenter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    Research practice, funding agencies and global science organizations suggest that research aimed at addressing sustainability challenges is most effective when ‘co-produced’ by academics and non-academics. Co-production promises to address the complex nature of contemporary sustainability challenges better than more traditional scientific approaches. But definitions of knowledge co-production are diverse and often contradictory. We propose a set of four general principles that underlie high-quality knowledge co-production for sustainability research. Using these principles, we offer practical guidance on how to engage in meaningful co-productive practices, and how to evaluate their quality and success.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)182–190
    JournalNature Sustainability
    Publication statusPublished - 2020


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