Private Lessons and national Formations: National Heirarchy and the Individual Psyche in the Marketing of Chinese Educational Programs

Andrew Kipnis

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    In Zouping, the rapidly urbanizing, rural county where I have been conducting research for over two decades, there has recently been a rather sudden increase in the number of private educational businesses. Though a few services had been available since the late 1990s, the number of businesses mushroomed after 2008, when the Shandong provincial educational bureau banned mandatory weekend and after school study halls at junior middle and senior middle schools. These bans spurred on an industry that had been slowly expanding anyway, prompting many national chains to open branches in the rapidly growing county seat, many individuals to open their own tutoring businesses, and some medium-size companies to open branches in towns outside the county seat.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationChinese Modernity and the Individual Psyche
    Editors Andrew B. Kipnis
    Place of PublicationNew York, USA
    PublisherPalgrave Macmillan Ltd
    Pages187-202
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9781137268952
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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