Pygmoid Australomelanesian Homo Sapiens skeletal remains from Liang Bua, Flores: Population affinities and pathological abnormalities

T Jacob, Etty Indriati, R P Soejono, K Hsu, D W Frayer, R B Eckhardt, A J Kuperavage, Alan Thorne, Maciej Henneberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Liang Bua 1 (LB1) exhibits marked craniofacial and postcranial asymmetries and other indicators of abnormal growth and development. Anomalies aside, 140 cranial features place LB1 within modern human ranges of variation, resembling Australomelanesian populations. Mandibular and dental features of LB1 and LB6/1 either show no substantial deviation from modern Homo sapiens or share features (receding chins and rotated premolars) with Rampasasa pygmies now living near Liang Bua Cave. We propose that LB1 is drawn from an earlier pygmy H. sapiens population but individually shows signs of a developmental abnormality, including microcephaly. Additional mandibular and postcranial remains from the site share small body size but not microcephaly.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13421-13426
    JournalPNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume103
    Issue number36
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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