Pyroclastic rivers: the Hoei Fuji Eruption (1707)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    In the morning of 23.11.Hoei 4 (16.12.1707) accompanied by loud sounds of explosions, there arose from Mt Fuji a column of what looked like belching black smoke rising to an altitude of some twenty kilometres. It was, however, not just smoke but mostly volcanic fall-out or tephra, containing rocks and pebbles of various sizes, and marked the onset of the volcano's most violent eruption in recorded history. This chapter shows the dimensions of the eruption using contemporary reports of the event together with the scientific analysis of volcanologists. It then examines the response of bakufu to the situation, relying chiefly on records left by the locally affected population, containing details not found in the official government record.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationLocal Realities and Environmental Changes in the History of East Asia
    Editors Ts'ui-jung Liu
    Place of PublicationAbingdon and New York
    ISBN (Print)9781138906150
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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